Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Bixaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Bixa orellana L.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Chordate, Ovate

Leaf Apex

Acuminate

Leaf Base

Truncate

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A small evergreen tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Grown as an ornamental tree. Native to South America.

Indigenous Information : Seeds yield a red colored dye.

Other relevent information : Commercially grown for its red dye. Used as a food coloring. Used by native Americans to make red colored body paint.

 

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Names:

English : Annato, Lipstick Tree
Irula : Kunguma poo, Senthuram

Hindi : Sinduri, Latkan

Flower:

In terminal panicles, pink turning white. Flowering throughout the year.

Fruit :

A capsule, reddish brown, two-valved spiny. Seeds many, red. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Bixaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)