Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Bischofiaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Eastern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Bischofia javanica Blume

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Palmately trifoliate

Leaf Shape

Elliptic, Ovate

Leaf Apex

Acuminate

Leaf Base

Rounded

Leaf Margin

Serrate

Habit : A large deciduous tree.

Habitat and Distribution : In both deciduous and evergreen forests 900 m - 1800 m, along shola borders. Peninsular India, Western and Eastern Ghats.

Indigenous Information : Bark boiled in water and steam inhaled for relief from toothaches. According to Kurumba belief, a piece of bark kept near one's head at night keeps bad dreams away. Fruits eaten by birds and monkeys. Tree absorbs a lot of water. Bees forage on flowers.

Other relevent information : Wood durable under water and used in construction.

Field Tips : Bark rough, fibrous and brown. Wood black. Prominent dark green foliage.

 

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Names:

English : Tiger Tree, Bishopwood
Irula : Nagal
Tamil : Thondi, Milachityan, Malaipoovarasu,Chozhavaengai
Hindi : Kein
Malayalam : Thirippu, Nira

Flower:

In axillary panicles. Flowering from February-March.

Fruit :

A drupe, succulent, globose, on an elongated stalk; endocarp two valved, green turning brown. Seeds 2, oblong, trigonous. Fruiting from March-May.

All from Bischofiaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Eastern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)