Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Acanthaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

    Go back

Barleria prionitis L.

Leaf arrangement

Opposite

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Obovate, Ovate

Leaf Apex

Obtuse

Leaf Base

Attenuate

Leaf Margin

Ciliate

Habit : An armed shrub.

Habitat and Distribution : Common in the plains from the coast to 900m. Tropical Africa, tropical Asia, Sri Lanka through India Malacca.

Indigenous Information : Bees especially Apis Florea forage on the flower. Leaves are medicinal.

Other relevent information : Caterpillars of the Pansy group of butterflies feed on the plant. Root used in traditional medicine.

 

No Comments »

No comments yet.

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URL

Leave a comment

Names:

English : Yellow Hedge Barleria
Irula : Karu nega poo, Meem mul chedi
Tamil : Shemmuli, Kattu Kangaambaram
Hindi : Jinti, Katsareya
Malayalam : Shemmuli

Flower:

Solitary or in cymose clusters, golden yellow to orange. Flowering peaks from November-January.

Fruit :

A capsule, ovoid. Seeds 2, sub orbicular, adpressed hairy. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Acanthaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)