Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Eastern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Poaceae

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Bambusa arundinacea (Retz.) Willd.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Linear

Leaf Apex

Acute

Leaf Base

Sheathing

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A tall erect green bamboo with spines.

Habitat and Distribution : A ready colonizer. Upto 1000m, in moist deciduous to semi evergreen forests. India (except in the Himalayas and Indo-gangetic plain).

Indigenous Information : Used for construction and basket making. Seeds collected, dehusked and cooked like rice. Shoots edible. The sheath around the stems have salt like deposits at the base. Elephants eat the whole plant. Jungle fowl and doves eat the seeds.

Other relevent information : Flowers only once in its lifetime (approx. 60 years).

Field Tips : Culms thick and erect; culm sheath triangular with spiny hairs. Leaf sheath , glabrous, ligule short.

 

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Names:

English : Bamboo
Irula : Peria mungil, Billia moonga
Tamil : Mungil, Periya mungil, Peru varai mungi

Malayalam : Mula, Illi

Flower:

In compound panicles.

Fruit :

Grain oblong or linear oblong, furrowed on one side.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Eastern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Poaceae