Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Scrophulariaceae

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Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell

Leaf arrangement

Opposite decussate

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Oblong

Leaf Apex

Obtuse

Leaf Base

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : A succulent slender herb.

Habitat and Distribution : Common in low-lying marshy places, along watercourses. Plains from the coast to 1400m. Pantropical.

Indigenous Information : The leaves are cooked with lentils and eaten.

Other relevent information : Plants used in traditional medicine.

Field Tips : Stem sub quadrangular. Rooting at nodes forming dense mats.

 

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Names:

English : Thyme Leaved Gratiola
Irula : Goni poo
Tamil : Nilappachai
Hindi : Neer Brahmi
Malayalam : Nirbrahmi

Flower:

Axillary and solitary, white with violet and green bands inside the throat. Flowering throughout the year.

Fruit :

A capsule, oblong-globose. Seeds oblong. Fruiting throughout the year.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Scrophulariaceae