Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Eastern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Liliaceae

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Asparagus racemosus Willd.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Linear

Leaf Apex

Acuminate

Leaf Base

Falcate

Leaf Margin

Entire

Habit : An armed vine.

Habitat and Distribution : Common in the plains from the coast, in scrub jungles, hill slopes, forest border, fallow lands, upto 1400m. Throughout the tropics.

Indigenous Information : The tubers are eaten, it is used to cure stomach troubles, to remove stones in the urinary tract and to quench thirst.

Other relevent information : Root sought after for use in Ayurvedic/traditional medicine.

Field Tips : Prickles pointing downwards and present on the nodes from where the branches arise.

 

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Names:

English : Spiny Asparagus
Irula : Neermuthi kangu
Tamil : Thaneervittaan kizhangu, Kadamoolam, Ammaikodi, Nili chedi
Hindi : Satavar
Malayalam : Shatavari

Flower:

In clustered racemes, white, fragrant. Flowering from June to October.

Fruit :

A berry, globose, red when ripe. Seeds 3-6, globose or angled. Fruiting from October onwards.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Eastern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Liliaceae