Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Amaranthaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Amaranthus viridis L.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate Spiral

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Ovate, Rhomboid, Deltoid

Leaf Apex

Leaf Base

Acute

Leaf Margin

Undulate

Habit : A slender herb.

Habitat and Distribution : Abundant by arable lands and as weed of  cultivation. Plains from the the coast, 1500m. Cosmopolitan in the tropics and subtropics of the world, penetrating more widely into the temperate regions.

Indigenous Information : Stem and leaves are cooked and eaten. Good fodder plant. Flies observed foraging on the flowers. In a particular season the whole plant is covered with green caterpillars after which the leaves are not collected.

Field Tips : Stem ribbed, purple.

 

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Names:


Irula : Thippai keerai
Tamil : Kuppai keerai


Flower:

In axillary and terminal panicles. Flowering peaks in December-April.

Fruit :

An utricle, indehiscent, sub compressed, rugose, brownish.

All from Amaranthaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)