Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Alangiaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

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Alangium salviifolium (L.f.) Wangerin ssp. salviif

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type


Leaf Shape

Lanceolate, Ovate, Elliptic, Oblong

Leaf Apex

Sub acute

Leaf Base


Leaf Margin


Habit : A small deciduous straggler, sometimes armed.

Habitat and Distribution : Common in moist deciduous forests upto 900m. Africa, Sri Lanka, India to East and South east Asia.

Indigenous Information : The leaves are cooked and eaten, believed to cure epilepsy.

Field Tips : Bark grey, orange-yellow when young, deeply fissured and trunk with numerous cavities. Leaves glabrescent or puberulous below, glabrous and gloassy above.  Leaf fall - February. New foliage May.


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English : Sage Leaved Alangium
Irula : Munne daagu
Tamil : Alangi
Hindi : Akola


In irregular axillary cymes or clusters, white, fragrant. Flowering from February-April.

Fruit :

A berry, globose, red when ripe with a crown of calyx. Seed 1, ovoid. Fruiting from April-July.

All from Alangiaceae
Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)