Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Rutaceae

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Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. Serr.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Palmately trifoliate

Leaf Shape

Lanceolate, Elliptic, Oblong, Obovate

Leaf Apex

Retuse

Leaf Base

Cuneate

Leaf Margin

Sub crenulate

Wrong pictures in folder. Need to get correct images.

Habit : An armed deciduous tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Occasional, found up to 1000m. Sub Himalayan tract to the Peninsula, Burma, and Indo-China.

Indigenous Information : Leaves are used for religious rituals. The edible fruits are also crushed and applied to the body to relieve pain.

Other relevent information : Fruit is valued for its aromatic pulp and medicinal properties.

Field Tips : New foliage - February. Leaf fall - January.

 

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Names:

English : Stone Apple
Irula : Bael patra, Bila
Tamil : Vilvam
Hindi : Bael, Sriphal
Malayalam : Koovalam, Vilvam
Kannada : Bilva patre

Flower:

In axillary panicles, fragrant, white. Flowering in March.

Fruit :

A berry, ovoid, yellow when mature, woody. Seeds many, oblong, flat. Fruit ripens by February.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)
Rutaceae