Flora of the Nilgiris

Family : Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

    Go back

Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. Serr.

Leaf arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Palmately trifoliate

Leaf Shape

Lanceolate, Elliptic, Oblong, Obovate

Leaf Apex


Leaf Base


Leaf Margin

Sub crenulate

Wrong pictures in folder. Need to get correct images.

Habit : An armed deciduous tree.

Habitat and Distribution : Occasional, found up to 1000m. Sub Himalayan tract to the Peninsula, Burma, and Indo-China.

Indigenous Information : Leaves are used for religious rituals. The edible fruits are also crushed and applied to the body to relieve pain.

Other relevent information : Fruit is valued for its aromatic pulp and medicinal properties.

Field Tips : New foliage - February. Leaf fall - January.


No Comments »

No comments yet.

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URL

Leave a comment


English : Stone Apple
Irula : Bael patra, Bila
Tamil : Vilvam
Hindi : Bael, Sriphal
Malayalam : Koovalam, Vilvam
Kannada : Bilva patre


In axillary panicles, fragrant, white. Flowering in March.

Fruit :

A berry, ovoid, yellow when mature, woody. Seeds many, oblong, flat. Fruit ripens by February.

All from Flora of Nilgiri Biosphere (Northern Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)